Pollination is by wind, and the abundant seeds are released to the wind in late spring. . List of Willow Tree Species of the Salix Genus - Species types organized by common name, then by scientific Latin botanical name Willow Common Names to Botanical Latin Names Common Willow Tree Name Botanical Salix Tree Name Alaska bog Willow Salix fuscescens Almond Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, French Willow Salix triandra Synonym; Salix amygdalina Alpine Willow Salix alpina Alpine Willow Salix petrophila American Willow Salix discolor Arctic Seashore Willow Salix ovalifolia var. It prefers lighter soils to heavy clays and acid soils to alkaline, and will tolerate infertile soils. New Zealand Journal of Ecology. Catalog of The Colorado Flora: A Biodiversity Baseline. Growth is exceptionally rapid, and, along with bigtooth aspen, quaking aspen is the most productive tree in Lake States forests.
A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Honeybees and other hymenoptera are common spring visitors, and obtain substantial amounts of pollen from the flowers. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program s or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area see. The catkins provide an important source of early nectar and pollen for bees and other insects, and the branches make good nesting and roosting sites for birds. It is a tree which has a stout trunk and flowers after coming into leaf. Flora and fauna associated with both the banks and aquatic environment may be affected.
Willows also reproduce from stump and root sprouts and this is the dominant form of reproduction in some stands. The specific epithet 'fragilis' means fragile, relating to the brittle, easily broken branches, as does the English common name, 'crack willow'. Those willows which have several stamens, such as bay willow S. The name also derives from the which break off very easily and cleanly at the base with an audible crack. A non-profit making company limited by guarantee.
The white willow may sometimes be infected by fungi that produce the diamond willow characteristic. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. Mature trees grow to 25m. Zelimir Borzan, University of Zagreb, Bugwood. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks.
Not suitable Notes quaking aspen Populus tremuloides tremula-like resembling P. Willows and poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Some species have the same common name, however all Botanical Latin names are unique, and so using the list below you can find the differences in species with the same common Willow name. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. It performs very poorly on drier sites, and should not be used more than a few feet from a reliable water source. Stalked, stipulate, stipules cordate, hairless, soon falling.
Department of Crop Production and Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Botswana, 40 pp. They are extremely intolerant, and occur in pure stands or in mixture with other disturbance tolerant species such as , , , and , and. Pistil formed from 2 fused carpels. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 98B, 119-134. Images © protected Woodland Trust.
Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. Agricultural and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand, Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council and Forestry Ministers. Medicinal Uses Many cultures have used willow bark for pain relief, thanks to a compound in willow bark called salicin. Goat willow is often grown for the attractive puffy catkins.
This species is closely related to the weeping willow, and some botanists consider it to be the same tree. However, according to the area of original distribution of the species is much smaller than that reported in distribution maps, because a large number of plants identified as S. Pollen provides an important early spring protein source for rearing brood. In fact, it is wise to be cautious about planting willows near sewer lines or water pipes, because the roots will naturally gravitate to them. Broken twigs and branches can take root readily, enabling the species to colonise new areas as broken twigs fall into waterways and can be carried some distance downstream. The distinctive catkins appear with new leaves in the spring. It can be used to quickly fill bare areas and to control erosion.
Overview: the crack willow is hard to tell apart from the white willow. Landscape value and potential for home planting This is a large tree with brittle branches that is not recommended for home planting. Toronto, Canada: John Wiley and Sons Inc. Look out for: at maturity leaves are hairless and shiny on top and sparsely hairy below. The Salix fragilis 'Russelliana' syn. Though often found in the landscape, planting of this species should not be encouraged.
Willows and Poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Hybrids between willow species are common. As some species of Willow can grow as either a tree or a shrub, depending on their local habitat, this site will list the names of all Willows without regard to growth habit. Accessed: Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America: Ridgely, R. As only the male plant is present in New Zealand no fruit are formed unless hybridised. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.